The green stick fracture happens when a bone curves and breaks as opposed to breaking totally. The crack takes after what happens when you attempt to break a little “green” branch in a tree. It is an inadequate crack with a transverse break line that prompts the annihilation of the external layer of bone (cortex) that reaches out to the core or bone marrow without changing the contrary cortex. Hence, irregularity is just on one side.
Most Greenstick fractures happen in youngsters under ten years as per a study published in NIH. This kind of crack is increasingly regular in youngsters in light of the fact that the bones are more adaptable and more adaptable than in grown-ups. Indeed, even minor cracks of the green stem are typically immobilized in a cast. A cast contains broken bone parts for mending as well as counteracts ruptures when the youngster falls on them.
Diagnosis of Greenstick Fracture:
The doctor, performs a physical examination and looks for sensitivity, swelling, deformity, or deafness. To check for nerve damage, sometimes with bone lesions, your doctor may ask you to move your fingers or perform other similar tests. You can also control the joints above and below the wound. To make sure your green stem is broken, you may recommend an x-ray.
Types of Greenstick Fractures
These are the types of fractures
1. Greenstick Fracture of Clavicle:
If a child is exposed to a direct blow to the upper chest, shoulder, or hand, it can cause a fractured clavicle. The bones of the clavicle are strengthened at age 20, which means that even teenagers can have these fractures.
2. Green wrist fracture:
This fracture occurs when a child falls from a height, lands in the palm of his hand or hits his palm directly. The lower or middle third of the radius or bone of the forearm is broken in the wrist.
3. Tibial green stem fracture:
In a tibial fracture, the middle or lower third of the tibia stem is broken. This can happen when a child suffers a direct blow to the leg or falls on his leg from a great height.
Green Stem Fracture Symptoms
The symptoms of a green stalk fracture vary depending on the severity of the fracture.
They can only develop bruising or general tenderness in mild fractures. In other cases, there is a significant curvature at the end or in the fractured region, accompanied by swelling and pain.
The symptoms also depend on the location of the lesion. For example, if the injury occurs on the finger, the finger may not be able to move for a long time. An arm fracture can also be painful, causing swelling and pressure sensitivity while maintaining mobility.
Greenstick fractures in children are more common during a fall. Arm breaks are more common than leg breaks, as the usual reaction is to throw arms to catch them during a fall.
Treatment Depending on the severity of the green fracture, the physician may need to straighten the bone by hand so that it can heal properly. During this procedure, painkillers and possibly tranquilizers are administered to the patient.
Greenwood fractures carry a high risk of complete bone fracture. As a result, many of these types of fractures are immobilized in a flow during healing. Sometimes the doctor may decide that a removable splint works, especially if the fracture has healed to a large extent. The advantage of a splint is that the child can take it out for washing or showering. X-rays are required in a few weeks to allow the fracture to heal properly, to check bone alignment, and to determine when a plaster cast is no longer needed. Most fractures on green stems require four to eight weeks for complete healing, depending on the fracture and age of the child.